Chin Surgery III: Revelations


This article is a logical extension of previous articles written on the topic of aesthetic chin surgery. In it, the authors expand on previously published surgical techniques and provide specific updates to increase success in some unusual situations. They review the indications for and uses of reduced-height implants, discuss the validity of centralized chin incisions in both reconstruction and revisions, show the diversity of mentalis muscle anatomy and chin pad variations, reveal the importance of the lip-to-labiomental crease inclination in cases of macrogenia, note a key update on reefing the mentalis muscle to a higher position for permanent sulcus position, discuss the issues of lower lip position and lower incisor show, and expound on the horizontal smile/chin ptosis phenomenon.

Full text available upon request.